From the emergence of animals to the development of agriculture, new species have regularly displaced their predecessors.
So it may be time to rethink the viability of restoring lost or disappearing ecosystems.
The most impactful invasive species on the planet is said to be humankind. In North America, says permaculture designer Tao Orion, arriving Europeans overwhelmed a sustainable food crop that had previously provided for countless generations. And, she says, if revived, it still could.